The first is Rickettsia rickettsii, the bug so nice they named it twice! (It causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, a disease endemic to the East Coast, go figure.)
The second is a finding in syphilis called the Argyll Robertson pupil aka the prostitute's pupil - the pupil constricts with accommodation, but not in response to light. So it accommodates but does not react, and has syphilis.... just. like. prostitutes.